Medieval shoes are usually made as turnshoes (T model). This manufacturing technique involves sewing the uppers by what will later be their inner side to the inner side of the sole and then turning them over so that no seam is visible on the outside.
The sole may not be any thicker than 4 mm because the shoe cannot be turned otherwise. Shoes as depicted in the second half of the 15th century can be fitted with additional leather sole patches that can be up to 6 mm thick (TP model).
Customers who want present-day wearing comfort with a medieval look should choose the robust version. In contrast to the turnshoe models, such shoes have a leather lining and a hard leather heel cap. An insole with an inner cover sole and a midsole with a 6 mm leather sole (L model) or a 6 mm rubber sole (R model) on the outside ensure good footing.

The uppers of this modern model are partially or completely sewn by machine. The same applies for the connection between the uppers and the insole or midsole.

Rennaissance shoes are made in welted technique, like high- quality handmade shoes still nowadays. The upper and the welt are stiched to the inner sole with a thread. The outer sole, a 6 mm leathersole, is sewn to the welt (w model).

The shape of the sole can be round, pointed, or pointed with an emphasis on the big toe.

When ordering pattens, it is sufficient to indicate the length of the shoe and the circumference of the shoe at its widest point with the foot inside the shoe.

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